Nothing like a bouquet of flowers to beautify an interior, bring freshness and (have) pleasure. But it is not enough to put together the brews brought from the market or picked in the garden to create beautiful bouquets. To associate flowers harmoniously is an art. Follow our tips to create beautiful bouquets that last a long time!
The art of blending colors
Flowers offer an infinite range of hues, and it’s not always easy to choose which ones to combine. Between the temptation of the multicolored and the need to create a harmonious composition, we never know how much to mix!
Beginners are generally advised to stay simple and opt for a strong color such as red and yellow, and to associate it with more neutral hues (white, cream, beige and green). In this way we obtain a nice contrast without risks. Those who are a little bolder will mix two or three colors or opt for a bouquet in monochrome around a color.Blend brightly colored flowers with some pastel elements and neutral hues from the same palette that will soften it all.
Another solution for shy people who fear too bold mixtures, the monochrome bouquet. In this case, you will choose flowers of the same color in different varieties. The various sizes and shapes of plants will be harmonized by a single color. It is also an ideal solution for a themed bouquet or that must go with a particular decoration.
Cold colors or warm colors?
Floral shades are divided into two main categories: warm colors (red, yellow, pink, orange) and cool colors (blue, green, purple). For a homogeneous bouquet, we generally prefer not to mix the two, but nothing prevents you from creating a very contrasting bouquet based on complementary colors! It is often the season that will determine the most common colors: in autumn, the dahlias, chrysanthemums and sunflowers with warm colors will illuminate your compositions; in the spring, the pastel colors a little cold will prevail on lilacs, peonies and irises!
A few rules to compose a bouquet
You thought that to make a bouquet, it was enough to put in boot your favorite flowers? If no absolute rule is imposed on you, there are still some basic principles to respect to obtain a harmonious and balanced composition.
When you assemble the flowers, turn the bouquet in your hands or vase: it must be beautiful regardless of the angle of view chosen. Florists compose by choosing a focal point, that is to say the place of the bouquet that must catch the eye. It is usually one or more open flowers around which the other flowers will come to rank in a natural way. Ideally, the set has two or three focal points for the desired effect to work wherever you are in the room.
Purists advocate choosing an odd number of flowers to make a bouquet to avoid a symmetry too perfect and unnatural. In reality, it is especially true for a small composition of less than ten flowers. Beyond that, the bouquet will be big enough so that we do not notice it.
What shape for my bouquet?
A bouquet usually comes in a geometric shape. The round bouquet is the most common and the easiest to make, with stems of the same length cut bevel. But it can also be triangular, asymmetrical or elongated. What will determine the shape of the bouquet are the flowers you will use, and also the style you want to give to your composition.
For a country bouquet with long stems, even some grasses or ears of wheat, the linear form will be ideal; but for a classic romantic composition, the round bouquet is essential.Exotic flowers are often highlighted in a destructured bouquet, while a fuzzy composition is chosen for wildflowers of different heights.
Another important point to obtain a harmonious whole, the flowers must be staggered! Use greenery or foliage to create a base and expand the bouquet, then insert the chosen flowers. Pay attention to the balance between the height and width of the bouquet depending on the desired effect and the container that will accommodate your flowers.
Combine flowers, a delicate alchemy
Beyond the aesthetic aspect, you must know that not all flowers coexist with happiness. For example, avoid mixing some species that have different needs: tulips and gerberas do not require a lot of water, while roses and woody stems like mimosa.
Also watch out for hyacinths and daffodils that release harmful substances for other flowers. Avoid associating them, you could spoil your bouquet prematurely! The leaves of dahlias have the particularity to rot the flowers and it is necessary to remove them to compose your bouquet, and eliminate the faded flowers gradually so that they do not contaminate the other varieties. Similarly, if you want to add fruits to your compositions, know that the flowers fade quickly on contact.
Good combinations for a lasting bouquet
To prolong the longevity of your flowers, avoid mixing varieties with different lifespans. Anemones and irises for example fade in a few days, after which they will damage the aesthetics of the bouquet or unbalance if you remove them.In addition, they risk in the meantime to spoil the other flowers still healthy. Whenever possible, if you want to mix, marry varieties with similar longevity:
One day: poppy, poppy, flax, sage
2 to 5 days: tulip, mimosa, iris, nasturtium
One week to 10 days: rose, daisy, carnation, peony, buttercup, cosmos, gladiolus, lily, sunflower
More than 10 days: chrysanthemum, gerbera, gypsophila, immortelle, thistle
Do not abuse foliage! Plants used to expand bouquets can carry diseases, unlike flowers that are mostly treated. Foliage can contaminate and wither prematurely. On the other hand, know that a branch of cedar or ivy will prolong the life of your cut flowers, think about it when choosing your varieties!
Some precautions to take
You can give free rein to your imagination regarding the choice of flowers to associate, but pay attention to the varieties used.Some may indeed be allergenic or toxic. If the flowers will be enthroned in a house where children, allergic people and / or pets live, this is all the more important.
For example, hyacinths and daffodils can be irritating to the skin. Among the toxic varieties, beware of lily of the valley, Christmas rose, poppy, datura or oleander that must remain out of reach of children in particular. Remember to wear gloves and wash your hands thoroughly after handling these flowers.