Tiling is not that hard! With a little method and adequate tools, this operation is within the reach of all. So, ready to embark on the adventure? We reveal the secrets of the best professional tilers …
– Prepare the floor before tiling
– Draw the laying plan
– Lay the tiles
– Cut the tiles
– Finish with tile joints
1. Preparing the floor before tiling
Soil preparation is a must before tiling. Remember these two tips:
The floor must be perfectly clean: start by vacuuming to remove any dust that would prevent the glue from sticking. Then use a degreaser and rub vigorously the entire surface to be tiled. This type of product is easily found in DIY stores.
The floor must be perfectly flat: the final aesthetic rendering of your tile depends on the floor on which you place it.To make sure it is perfectly flat, use a spirit level, and place it in different areas of the surface to be tiled. If the floor is found to have significant differences in level, you will need to pour a screed before tiling. This operation is more technical, it requires a minimum of know-how and experience.
2. Drawing the laying plan
Before laying your tiles, you have to draw the laying plan on the ground, using a ruler and a bricklayer’s square. Do not neglect this step! It is from it that the regular alignment of cells depends. We distinguish mainly two types of pose:
Laying tiles diagonally : Start by drawing two perpendicular axes, which intersect at the center of the room.Then, starting from this central point, draw the diagonals that will guide the laying of your tiles. The interest of this method? It gives the visual impression of a larger room, thanks to the diagonal lines of escape.
The right pose : As in the previous case, you will begin by drawing two perpendicular axes, which intersect at the center of the piece. Then you draw the parallels to these two axes, so as to form a grid on the ground. This method, easier than diagonal laying, is highly recommended for beginner tilers!
3. Lay the tiles
After having drawn the plan, you will be able to tackle the installation of the tile proper. Proceed as follows:
Prepare your mortar glue scrupulously respecting the indications provided by the manufacturer.
Mix the tiles from the different packages, because there may be slight shade shades.
Use a toothed spatula to double glue on the floor and on your tile.
Lay your first tile in line with the lines of the laying surface, and tap it with a mallet to fix it in the glue.
At the 4 angles of your tile, arrange the braces used to delimit the space of the future joint.
Proceed in the same way for the following tiles, continuing to rest on the lines of the laying plane.
4. Cut tile
It is rare that the surface to be tiled corresponds to a whole number of tiles. Cut-outs are often necessary. Rest assured, it is useless to invest in the purchase of a tile cutting machine. This can be rented for a very reasonable cost. When using it, always observe the safety instructions provided by the manufacturer.We do not mess with this type of machine!
5. Finish with tile joints
Once your tile is laid, let it sit for 24 hours. The adhesive mortar will have time to dry, ensuring a good adhesion of the tiles on the floor. Remember to remove the plastic braces before the glue is completely dry. Now is the time to lay tile joints:
Start by preparing the grouting mortar, following the instructions on the packaging.
Pour the product on the ground, in homogeneous layer, on a surface of about 5 square meters.
Spread the adhesive mortar using a squeegee, so as to fill all the joints.
Wait about 40 minutes, before smoothing the joints with a wet sponge.
Let your tiling rest for 48 hours. He is finally ready! Last tip: if a white veil remains on the tiles, buy a dissolving product for cement veil. He will work miracles …